It is that complete encirclement, with control of the air by Japanese land-based aircraft, which has prevented us from sending substantial reinforcements of men and material to the gallant defenders of the Philippines. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. Roosevelt used his fireside chats to speak directly to the American people. 105). We of the United Nations are agreed on certain broad principles in the kind of peace we seek. We fight at these vast distances because that is where our enemies are. (1.) They say that the British are finished- that the Russians and the Chinese are about to quit. Therefore, these lighter planes have to be packed in crates and sent on board cargo ships. We must all understand and face the hard fact that our job now is to fight at distances which extend all the way around the globe. (3.) Third, if we were to stop sending munitions to the British and the Russians in the Mediterranean, in the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea, we would be helping the Nazis to overrun Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Persia, Egypt and the Suez Canal, the whole coast of North Africa itself, and with that inevitably the whole coast of West Africa- putting Germany within easy striking distance of South America- fifteen hundred miles away. That means a national unity that can know no limitations of race or creed or selfish politics. The great Chinese people have suffered grievous losses; Chungking has been almost wiped out of existence – yet it remains the capital of an unbeatable China. And thousands of American troops are today in that area engaged in operations not only in the air but on the ground as well. During this fireside chat, a Japanese submarine surfaced off Golata, CA, and shelled an oil refinery. And the American people will find ways and means of expressing their determination to their enemies, including the Japanese Admiral who has said that he will dictate the terms of peace here in the White Mouse. The American people realize that in many cases details of military operations cannot be disclosed until we are absolutely certain that the announcement will not give to the enemy military information which he does not already possess. Look at your map again; and you will see that the route is long – and at many places perilous – either across the South Atlantic all the way (a)round South Africa and the Cape of Good Hope, or from California to the East Indies direct. Check out Fireside Chat #20 - On the Progress of the War (February 23, 1942) by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on Amazon Music. Roosevelt’s Fireside Chat. White House. It is the old familiar Axis policy of "divide and conquer.". 4791 Fireside Chat Franklin Roosevelt. To Apartments ... February 23 1942 - Stenographers Diary . They are making Japan pay an increasingly terrible price for her ambitious attempts to seize control of the whole (Atlantic) Asiatic world. The United Nations constitutes an association of independent peoples of equal dignity and equal importance. The Allies on the Defensive The situation the Allies faced at the start of 1942 was bad - and quickly getting worse. And today all the United Nations salute the superb Russian Army as it celebrates the twenty-fourth anniversary of its first assembly. On February 23, 1942, FDR made a fireside chat on war progress. Jump to navigation Jump to search ←02/23/42. Washington's conduct in those hard times has provided the model for all Americans ever since- a model of moral stamina. Let them tell that to the sailors who today are hitting hard in the far waters of the Pacific. These routes are not one-way streets- for the ships that carry our troops and munitions outbound bring back essential raw materials which we require for our own use. In advance of the address Roosevelt asked citizens to have a world map in front of them as they listened to him speak. Let them tell that to the sailors who today are hitting hard in the far waters of the Pacific. The object of the Nazis and the Japanese is to separate the United States, Britain, China, and Russia, and to isolate them one from another, so that each will be surrounded and cut off from sources of supplies and reinforcements. I tell you that this is not so. We know now that if we lose this war it will be generations or even centuries before our conception of democracy can live again. And we can lose this war only if use slow up our effort or if we waste our ammunition sniping at each other. Those Americans who believed that we could live under the illusion of isolationism wanted the American eagle to imitate the tactics of the ostrich. I know (that) I speak for the mass of the American people when I say that we reject the turtle policy and will continue increasingly the policy of carrying the war to the enemy in distant lands and distant waters – as far away as possible from our own home grounds. The Japanese had just attacked Pearl Harbor two and a half months earlier and tensions were high for folks living on the coast. Even if the attack had not been made your map will show that it would have been a hopeless operation for us to send the Fleet to the Philippines through thousands of miles of ocean, while all those island bases were under the sole control of the Japanese. Some of those that were there were hit very slightly, and others that were damaged have either rejoined the Fleet by now or are still undergoing repairs. Guam lies in the middle of them – a lone outpost which we have never fortified. The consequences of the attack on Pearl Harbor – serious as they were – have been wildly exaggerated in other ways. But there was never the slightest question that either the British or the Russians would yield. Control of the air involves the simultaneous use of two types of planes—first, the long-range heavy bomber; and second, light bombers, dive bombers, torpedo planes, and short-range pursuit planes, all of which are essential to the protection of the bases and of the bombers themselves. The British and the Russian people have known the full fury of Nazi onslaught. But they cover a large strategic area. Fireside Chats. The United Nations are not – especially the United States of America. At the same time, she could immediately extend her conquests in the other direction toward India, and through the Indian Ocean to Africa, to the Near East, and try to join forces with Germany and Italy. 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