They were like tigers among (Liu Bei's) subjects. As a man, Guan Yu was the embodiment of loyalty, honor, and strength. Guan Yu, fort effrayé lui demande : « Grand-frère, que signifient ces paroles ? Liu Bei evacuated Xinye together with his followers and they headed towards Xiakou, which was guarded by Liu Biao's elder son Liu Qi and independent of Cao Cao's control. Sa légende est d'une telle ampleur qu'il en est venu à être vénéré à la fois par les forces de l'ordre et par les organisations de crime organisé. Later, when Liu Bei reached Xiakou (after his defeat at the Battle of Changban), Guan Yu complained, "If you heeded my advice during the hunting expedition in Xu, we wouldn't end up in this troubling situation." De là, ils vont jusqu’à Xiakou et Sun Quan lui prête des troupes pour affronter Cao Cao. Guan Yu and Guan Ping were later executed by Sun Quan's forces in Linju (臨沮; in present-day Nanzhang County, Hubei). Zhuge Liang lui répond : Guan Yu était en effet doté de ce que la chronique a retenu comme étant une « magnifique barbe », et le fait que Zhuge Liang faisait référence à lui était donc évident. Cette condition pose peu de problèmes à Cao Cao, pour qui il ne s’agit après tout que de la même chose ; les deux femmes de Liu Bei ne seraient pas déshonorées, mais traitées avec tout le respect qui leur est dû et nourries et logées convenablement. Ils le suivaient en tout lieu sans s'inquiéter du danger de la situation. Along the way, Lü Meng infiltrated and disabled the watchtowers set up by Guan Yu along the river, so Guan Yu was totally unaware of the invasion. Liu Bei fled south and found shelter under Liu Biao, who put him in charge of Xinye at the northern border of Jing Province. [Sanguozhi 16], When Guan Yu was besieging Fancheng, Sun Quan sent a messenger to Guan Yu to offer aid while secretly instructing the messenger to take his time to travel there. In her introduction, Guan Yu wears a typical white chinese monk tunic. Lü Meng ordered his troops to treat the civilians well and ensure that they were not harmed. Cao Cao, sachant que Guan Yu va le quitter, le récompense généreusement et lui offre le titre de marquis de Hanshouting. ». In most titles, he and his brothers duel Lu Bu while at Hu Lao Gate. According to the 11th-century Chinese … Cao Cao made a mistake when he refused to kill Guan Yu and landed himself in deep trouble. Still, Guan regarded Liu Bei and Zhang Fei as brothers and he would not abandon them. The Manchu imperial clan of the Qing dynasty was also associated with Guan Yu's martial qualities. Là encore Cao Cao accepte ; la dernière condition fut que si Guan Yu apprenait où était Liu Bei, il partirait librement le rejoindre. Il devient ainsi un héros qui extermine les tyrans, quitte à se mettre sur le dos les autorités. Guan Xing then takes back the Green Dragon Crescent Blade and later passes it down the generations from father to son in the Guan family. [Sanguozhi 1] He was very interested in the ancient history book Zuo zhuan and could fluently recite lines from it. Celui-ci fait de Guan Yu et Zhang Fei ses commandants (司馬) et donne à chacun une armée privée. Convinced to surrender, Guan Yu agreed on three conditions. He scolded the messenger, "You raccoon dogs dare to behave like this! He also wields his signature Guandao weapon. Liu Bei went to Xu Province, killed the provincial inspector Che Zhou (車冑), and seized control of the province. Yuan Shao envoie un de ses généraux, Yan Liang, pour attaquer Liu Yan, l’administrateur de la préfecture de Dongjun. In Hong Kong, a shrine to Guan Yu can be found in every police station. With Yan Liang's death, the siege on Boma was lifted. Zhang Liao répondit: « Guan Yu a reçu votre traitement de faveur. [Sanguozhi others 11] Guan Yu withdrew his forces after seeing that he could not capture Fancheng. Le roman attribue à Guan Yu la victoire contre Hua Xiong (en réalité capturé et exécuté par Sun Jian) : Cao Cao propose une coupe de vin chaud (les chinois le boivent chauffé au bain-marie à température du corps humain) à Guan Yu mais celui-ci le refuse sur le moment. Cao Cao sent Yu Jin to lead reinforcements to help Cao Ren. Guan Yu repaid Cao Cao's kindness while Zhang Fei released Yan Yan out of righteousness. It was probably meant to silence smart people. Normally calm and benign, he should stands with an air of noble dignity and has respectful manners. Xu Huang was previously a close friend of Guan Yu. Liu Bei fled to northern China and found refuge under Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao, while Guan Yu was captured by Cao Cao's forces and brought back to Xu. Celui-ci était fort estimé de Zhuge Liang et il fut nommé intendant au palais et reçut la charge de zhong jian jun (中监军) « superviseur de l’armée ». If they genuinely wished to help each other, why would they conceal their movements from each other? "[Sanguozhi zhu 5], With Liu Bei gaining Hanzhong as well as the northwest commanderies of Jing: Fangling, Shangyong and Xicheng; and now after Yu Jin's defeat, Cao Cao contemplated relocating the imperial capital from Xu further north into Hebei to avoid Guan Yu, but Sima Yi and Jiang Ji told him that Sun Quan would become restless when he heard of Guan Yu's victory. See the following for some fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms involving Guan Yu: Guan Yu was deified as early as the Sui dynasty (581–618), and is still worshipped today as a bodhisattva in Buddhist tradition and as a guardian deity in Chinese folk religion and Taoism. Liu Shan, the second emperor of Shu, gave Guan Yu the posthumous title of "Marquis Zhuangmou" (壯繆侯) four decades after his death. Lü Meng ordered his troops to treat the civilians well and ensure that they were not harmed. Apart from general worship, Guan Yu is also commemorated in China with colossal statues such as the 1,320-tonne sculpture in Jingzhou City, Hubei Province, standing at 58 metres.[14]. In later appearances, after becoming Berolina's Knight and enroll in … If Guan Yu did urge Liu Bei to kill Cao Cao during the hunting expedition and Liu Bei did not do so, it was probably because Cao Cao's close aides and relatives were present at the scene and they outnumbered him. Il porte à l'époque le prénom usuel de Changsheng (traditionnel : 長生, simplifié : 长生). Based on this reasoning, even if Guan Yu did not seek help from Sun Quan, the latter would not mention anything about granting Guan Yu free passage in his territory. Au Japon, il est connu sous le nom de Kan'u Unchō, en Corée, sous le nom de Gwanu Unjang, et au Viêt Nam, sous celui de Quan Vũ Vân Trường. Mais dans le roman, il ne se soumet qu’à trois conditions, soulignant sa loyauté envers Liu Bei : Guan Yu reçoit de Cao Cao Lièvre Rouge, le cheval de Lü Bu, capable de parcourir 1 000 li (lieues) en un seul jour. : Guan) et un autre idéogramme (p. ex. C’est donc le fils bâtard de Guan Xing, Guan Yi, qui hérite du titre. Although seemingly ironic, members of the triads and Heaven and Earth Society worship Guan Yu as well. Guan Yu appears in Chinese operas such as Huarong Trail, Red Cliffs, and other excerpts from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Such popularity led to Faith, and thus Guan Yu was raised as a God, deified a few hundred years later. "[Sanguozhi zhu 14]. Cao Cao's subordinates wanted to pursue Guan Yu, but Cao Cao stopped them and said, "He's just doing his duty to his lord. Le moine demanda à l'âme de Guan Yu pourquoi celle-ci réclamerait sa tête alors que lui-même a tué et décapité des gens dans l’accomplissement de leur devoir, comme les généraux de Cao Cao que Guan Yu avait tués dans sa fuite. Cao Cao ultimately broke his promise as he took Lady Du as his concubine and adopted her son Qin Lang (whom she had with Qin Yilu). As a God, he is a guardian of justice, a hero to the downtrodden, the Saint of War. Dans le roman, Cao Cao et Guan Yu affrontent Yan Liang à Baima (historiquement Cao Cao n'était pas présent). Guan is traditionally portrayed as a red-faced warrior with a long lush beard. Pang De wanted to use the opportunity to attack but Yu Jin (who was his superior) stopped him. the Temple of the Deity of War), or Temple of Kwan Tai, built in 1852, is a typical example of the small shrines erected to Guan Yu in the United States. Blood flowed from his arm into a container below. Alternatively, the idea of his red face could have been borrowed from opera representation, where red faces represented loyalty and righteousness. During the last decade of the 16th century, Guan Yu was also credited with the repulse of Japanese invasion of Korea by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Très nombreux sont les commerçants possédant une statue à son effigie dans leur commerce. Après y avoir tué un potentat local, il y devient fugitif et se réfugie dans la préfecture de Zhuo (aujourd'hui appelée Zhuozhou) et y rencontre Liu Bei et Zhang Fei, qui recrute alors des hommes pour faire face aux révoltes des Turbans Jaunes. 3:30. In A.D. 200, Guan was captured by Cao Cao, a military general who would go on to control a vast amount of territory in northern China. Guan Yu followed Liu Bei to Xinye. Guan Yu’s life was lionized and his achievements glorified to such an extent after his death that he was deified during the Sui dynasty. His statue traditionally is situated in the far left of the main altar, opposite his counterpart Skanda. It recorded that Zhang Liao faced a dilemma of whether or not to convey Guan Yu's message to Cao Cao: if he did, Cao Cao might execute Guan Yu; if he did not, he would be failing in his service to Cao Cao. Dès son arrivée, Xu Huang annonce « Celui qui prendra la tête de Guan Yu recevra une récompense de 1 000 jins (livres) d’or ! Yu Jin surrendered to Guan Yu while his subordinate Pang De refused and was executed by Guan Yu. [Sanguozhi zhu 16], In 1719, the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty awarded the hereditary title "Wujing Boshi" (五經博士; "Professor of the Five Classics") to Guan Yu's descendants living in Luoyang. Guan Xing inherited his father's title "Marquis of Hanshou Village" (漢壽亭侯) and served in the state of Shu during the Three Kingdoms period. Je ne compte donc pas rester, mais je saurai néanmoins offrir au seigneur Cao une action d'éclat avant de partir ». Dans la réalité historique, Guan Yu était âgé d’un an de plus que Liu Bei, et bien que les trois se comportaient comme des frères, ils n’avaient pas fait de serment fraternel. Vraiment quel homme droit parmi tous ceux de l’empire! "[Sanguozhi zhu 4], When Cao Cao and Yuan Shao clashed at the Battle of Guandu in 200, Yuan sent Liu Bei to contact Liu Pi (劉辟), a Yellow Turban rebel chief in Runan (汝南), and assist Liu Pi in attacking the imperial capital Xu while Cao Cao was away at Guandu. Serpent Slash, the Attack for the move set, heals Zagreus one point per hit, and can be charged up. Military general during the Three Kingdoms period, "Guan Gong" redirects here. Xu Huang replied, "This is an affair of the state. La mort de Guan Yu présente une suite de scènes de nature ésotérique, illustrant que l’âme de Guan Yu avait atteint l’illumination. Il écrit à Zhuge Liang pour savoir « à qui on pouvait comparer Ma Chao ». 6:45. Sun Quan envoie à Cao Cao la tête de Guan Yu tandis qu’il prépare des funérailles honorables pour le reste du corps. Statues used by triads tend to hold the halberd in the left hand, and statues in police stations tend to hold the halberd in the right hand. Cao Cao sent 5,000 elite cavalry to pursue Liu Bei's group and they caught up with them at Changban, where the Battle of Changban broke out. In Chinese folk religion, Guan Yu is widely referred to as "Emperor Guan" (關帝; Guāndì; dì implies deified status) and "Lord Guan" (關公; Guān Gōng), while his Taoist title is "Holy Emperor Lord Guan" (關聖帝君; Guān Shèng Dì Jūn). [Sanguozhi zhu 11] In October or November 260, Liu Shan granted Guan Yu the posthumous title "Marquis Zhuangmou" (壯繆侯). When Sun Quan later attacked Guan Yu, he dispatched his forces secretly, as mentioned in Lü Meng's biography: '[...] elite soldiers hid in vessels disguised as civilian and merchant ships.' For other uses, see, "Guan Yunchang" redirects here. Guan Yu’s messages were received by mediums through spirit writing, later called Fuji (planchette writing) (扶乩/扶箕), since the late 17th century. Ils envoient donc un émissaire auprès de Sun Quan pour lui conseiller d’attaquer les arrières de Guan Yu, laissant ainsi Jiangnan à Sun Quan en tant que tribut de guerre et dissolvant ainsi les forces de Fan. Henceforth, it is said that Guan Yu made a vow to become a guardian of temples and the dharma. Zhang Liao hésita à rapporter ces paroles à Cao Cao car elles auraient pu signifier une condamnation à mort pour Guan Yu. About a year later, Liu Bei and his followers escaped from Xu under the pretext of helping Cao Cao lead an army to attack Yuan Shu. Pei Songzhi commented on the Shu Ji account as follows: When Liu Bei, Dong Cheng and others plotted against Cao Cao, their plan failed because it was leaked out. During the escape, Guan Yu is injured by an archer. Some alternative texts used in the annotations to Guan Yu's biography include: Shu Ji (Records of Shu), by Wang Yin; Wei Shu (Book of Wei), by Wang Chen, Xun Yi and Ruan Ji; Jiang Biao Zhuan, by Yu Pu; Fu Zi, by Fu Xuan; Dianlue, by Yu Huan; Wu Li (History of Wu), by Hu Chong; and Chronicles of Huayang, by Chang Qu. Après la victoire, il la fait mander et la garde pour lui-même, ce qui cause à Guan Yu une vive contrariété. Guan Yu (and Zhang Fei's!) Zhang Liao replied, "Guan Yu has received favours from Your Excellency. The emperor was told that the disruption was the work of Chi You, a deity of war. [Sanguozhi others 9] Lu Su (the overall commander of Sun Quan's forces in Jing Province) later invited Guan Yu to attend a meeting to settle the territorial dispute. Réputé de son vivant guerrier invincible, il a été capturé et exécuté, avec son fils Guan Ping par les troupes de Sun Quan, par Lu Meng lors du siège de Fan. Son fils, Guan Tong, épousa une princesse et fut promu au rang de hu bi zhong lang jiang (虎贲中郎将) « général gentilhomme qui a la rapidité du tigre » et meurt sans héritier mâle. This was an example of Cao Cao's goodness. "[Sanguozhi 8], Pei Songzhi commented on this as follows: "Cao Cao admired Guan Yu's character even though he knew that Guan Yu would not remain under him. [Sanguozhi zhu 12][Sanguozhi zhu 13]. In the ancient times of the East, a great war between Three Kingdoms raged. Ainsi, juste après sa décapitation, son âme alla errer au mont Yuquan, un peu en dehors de l'ancienne province de Dangyang. "[Sanguozhi zhu 6], Although Guan Yu defeated and captured Yu Jin at Fancheng, his army found itself lacking food supplies, so he seized grain from one of Sun Quan's granaries at Xiang Pass (湘關). Wen Ping attacked Guan Yu's equipage and supplies at Han Ford (漢津) and burnt his boats at Jingcheng (荊城). 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