In the peak of summer, this houseplant blooms bright, boasting vivid flowers. Some cultures used fresh or frozen rhizomes in soups and stir-fry. The leaves are green, narrow and the flowers are barely noticeable. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Cold and/or wet locations can cause root rot. Zingiber mioga aka Edible Ginger. Water the soil thoroughly and layer it with some mulch to preserve the added moisture. In the best climatic condition, green ginger grows up to 38 tons while dried ginger 1.5 to 7.5 tons. Ginger plants bring a tropical flair to a garden with its memorable physical appeal. Other Names: Pinecone Ginger, Itter Ginger, Broad-leaved Ginger, Martinique Ginger,… You can find ornamental ginger plants with vibrant flowers at a plant nursery, but these are often inedible. Stems 24 feet tall, with narrow, glossy, bright green leaves to 1 feet long. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about a meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The plant also needs annual rainfall within the range of 4.5′ – 10′ feet. Ginger root is used as a herbal remedy for a wide range of conditions such as nausea, vomiting, coughs, spasms, general pain, indigestion, colic, abdominal chills, colds, influenza… Container plants rarely bloom. Ginger plants are prized for their remarkable traditional uses. 48.—Zingiber officinale, the rhizome of which constitutes the ginger of themarket. The genus Zingiber is native to Southeast Asia especially in Thailand, China, the Indian Subcontinent, and New Guinea. While it thrives in zones 9-12, you can grow this tropical plant in a container or as an annual in cooler climates. Grows in Part Sun to Shade. Family Zingiberaceae Genus Zingiber are aromatic rhizomatous perennials with alternate, oblong leaves in two ranks, and cone-like inflorescences with overlapping, sometimes brightly coloured bracts, and 3-petalled flowers Details Z. officinale grows to 1m, with lance-shaped leaves to … Your email address will not be published. It was later on domesticated by the people of Austronesia in Southeast Asia, Oceania, Taiwan, and Madagascar. Zingiber officinale PLANT FAMILY Zingiberaceae – Ginger family OTHER NAMES. ... Ginger is a handsome plant with yellow flowers and purple 'lips' as well as green bracts. Cone-shaped flower spikes have a series of green or yellow bracts with translucent margins. 3,4 The cone flowers are scarce in a spike formation originating from … The blooms protrude from the bracts. Carefully harvest several rhizomes to allow the remainder to continue to grow. Otherwise, provide an appropriate fertilizer to the plant every month or so. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera. The mature size of a typical ginger plant is 4′ – 5′ feet tall. It's not. Growing Ginger Root (Zingiber Officinale) Learn How To Grow Ginger At Home. Place the ginger plant in a partial to fully shaded garden bed and apply a double layer of compost over it. The inside is a pale yellow and has a spicy scent. Zingiber officinale is best known as the source of the pungent, aromatic spice called ginger. Propagation can be accomplished by purchasing fresh ginger rhizomes in the spring and cut into short pieces, each with several healthy buds. Growing Senecio Barbertonicus Plants: Caring For Lemon Bean Bush, Succulents You See Them Everywhere Indoors, Epic Garden Fail: When Plant Choices For Gardening Go Bad, Energy between the palms, seeing hearts everywhere, angels, and just needed someone to explain this to me. The fragrance is strong enough to spread around the entire garden in no time. Botanical Name: Zingiber zerumbet. To avoid root rot water sparingly until the plant starts to grow, then water and fertilize regularly. Ginger, (Zingiber officinale), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Providing adequate drainage and removing weeds periodically is also necessary to prevent these plants from getting ill and pest-infested. Zingiber, the genus name of the plant, is derived from the Sanskrit word “shringavera” meaning “shaped like a horn”, possibly an allusion to the shape of the plant’s rhizome. Zingiber officinale require a lot of fertilizer since it is a heavily-feeding plant. Zingiber officinale is an herbaceous perennial and its tuberous roots are the common ginger we use everyday. The color of these splendid flowers varies from genus to genus. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. The inflorescence grows on a leafless stem that is separate from the foliage stem. Used as a herbal remedy for wide range of conditions. The flowers grow on a separate, leafless stem. Originating in Asia, this ginger is now cultivated and used throughout the world. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Zingiber Officinale [zing-ee-ber, oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee] is a popular flowering plant of the Zingiberaceae family and is commonly known as ginger. Ginger also boasts many medicinal properties. As to the aroma, ginger plants radiate the typical spicy fragrance of the spice – ginger. In such cases, the plant needs to be watered frequently. The spice is produced from the rhizome (underground stem) of the plant. Prune the dead leaves to ensure the plant’s nutrients are directed toward its healthy parts. Newly planted clumps will not flower for two years. Flower Color is Yellow/Gold and blooms in Summer. Your email address will not be published. Check out our zingiber officinale plant selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our plants shops. Zingiber Officinale, commonly known as Ginger, is the pungent, aromatic spice used widely in many types of cooking, providing a ready source of garden fresh flavor which can be grown in your garden or a container on your patio. Hardiness zone 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. The blooms protrude from the bracts. The English word “ginger” is derived from an Old English word “gingifer”, from Greek “zingiberis”, and from Medieval Latin “gingiber”. This is the ginger used in cooking. This rare and unusual herb comes highly recommended: it is said that Confucius recommended ginger and used it to flavor all of his food! During the growing season, the herbaceous perennial needs to be watered often. The plant is erect, has many fibrous roots, aerial shoots (pseudostem) with leaves, and the underground stem (rhizome). form a strategic partnership called N.C. If the plant is being divided, cut long pieces of the rhizomes, leaving the remaining plant in the ground. In the US, it is marketed in a powdered or candied form. Young sprouts are also edible. It can take a few years before a new plant will flower. General Description. Placing plants in full sun can result in the foliage tipped with brown and poor growth. Zingiber officinale. Specific epithet means sold in shops and was applied to plants with supposed medicinal properties. The inflorescence grows on a leafless stem that is separate from the foliage stem. For example, some of these plants produce gorgeous hues of reds and pinks while others rock glowing shades of orange. From shop SoieEtFleurWallDecor. These volatile oils stimulate hair growth and soothe dryness and itchiness. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. When they are provided with required warmth and moisture, common ginger emerges into a thick, fleshy structure with narrow-shaped leaves in a glossy green hue. As compared to other flowering plants, both edible and ornamental ginger plants do not require a lot of pruning. Owing to its amazing uses, ginger was one of the first few spices exported to Europe. The best way to sprout ginger is by sowing rhizomes in a container in a warm region. Ginger was first originated in Island Southeast Asia. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. The ginger family also includes popular species like cardamom, kalihi, turmeric, and galangal. Some common insect pests of ginger are white grub, shoot borer, and shoot boring weevil. It is widely distributed in tropical Asia. However, they benefit from light pruning every now and then. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. With its strong distinct flavor that can increase the production of saliva. A true ginger plant is also successfully cultivated in areas receiving less rainfall. Obtained by the Greeks and Romans from Arab traders, it was one of … The most well known is Z. officinale, garden ginger. 5 … Over time, the plant’s leaves may turn yellow or brown. The ginger family also includes popular species like cardamom, kalihi, turmeric, and galangal. It can take a few years before a new plant will flower. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Zingiber Officinale [zing-ee-ber, oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee] is a popular flowering plant of the Zingiberaceae family and is commonly known as ginger. A lower temperature than this may result in dormancy. When I started growing ginger root I expected it to be difficult. If potted, bring the plant inside before the temperatures drop below 50 degrees F. to avoid root rot in wet, cold soil. Zingiber officinale or known for various common names such as Ginger, Common Ginger, Cooking Ginger, Canton, Stem Ginger, and Canton Ginger is a perennial herb with swollen underground stems or rhizome, usually about 1.5-2.5 cm thick. First of all, the soil surrounding the ginger plant needs to be loosened up with a spading fork. Ginger plants are often transplanted when dividing the roots of an overcrowded plant garden or relocating the plant to a new place. After the cuts have dried out for a day or two plant them just below the surface of the soil in a partially shady spot with plenty of room for the plant to grow to its mature size of 4' high X 3' wide. This is an essential plant for the edible garden, in mixed combos in … Botanists and zoologists encourage deep watering on a regular basis instead of shorter showers on a regular basis. Entire plant showing rhizome and roots, a leaf-branch and a flower-branch as also scars of previous years growth after decay of leaf- and flower-branches. Hydrate and fertilize the plant well to manage these pests and diseases in ginger plants. When the plant is positioned in full sun or partial shade with well-drained and humus-rich soil, the plant flourishes best. Cone-shaped flower spikes have a series of green or yellow bracts with translucent margins. I’m a beginner and I need as much guidance as I can get, please ☺️, The 30 Day Mental Health + Self Care Challenge, Phaidon takes us on a journey to explore the World in Bloom, I need help with my aunt, I’m sure she may be very depressed, How To Grow Aloe Juvenna Plants(Tiger Tooth Aloe), How To Control The Little Black Bugs In Your Garden, 30 Ways To Use Natural Baking Soda In The Garden. Plant the rhizomes an inch apart from each other. While it is best to plant ginger roots in summers, they are also cultivated in cooler seasons for ornamental purposes. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This spice is produced from the rhizome (underground stem) of the plant. It is a popular herbaceous perennial plant which is found growing in loamy, fertile soil. The rhizomes are brown to golden colored with a corky outer skin that can be damaged through handling. https://blog.gardeningknowhow.com/gkh-musings/when-plant-choices-for-gardening-go-bad/, https://blog.gardeningknowhow.com/home-and-garden-reviews/real-green-lawn-care-review/. Some of the best areas for ginger cultivation are USDA Hardiness Zones from 8 to 12. It grows about 30-100 cm in height. Rhizomes, ginger root and young sprouts are all edible. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) belonging to the family Zingiberaceae is a perennial herb. Leaves with black or gray spots indicate diseases and thus need to be pruned off to avoid further weakening of the plant. Fig. Zingiber officinale Ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger , is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine. Young rhizomes are juicy and fleshy and mild taste. It is known as the true ginger as it is one of the oldest known spice. Ginger is one of the most popular spices in the world and comes from the underground stem of the ginger (Zingiber officinale) plant. Please note gingers grown from rhizomes may take up to two years to fully grow. The flower is a cone. Ginger plants are typically grown from rhizomes that are bought from any supermarket. Ginger plant stems produce only one bloom before dying; pruning the dead blossom makes the plant look more beautiful. This plant species is prone to some of the most deadly plant diseases such as bacterial wilt, soft rot, blights, and dry rots. A shovelful of manure needs to be applied to the plant twice a week; especially when the summer temperature rises. This sun-and-moisture loving plant ideally grows during daytime temperatures between the range of 66° – 84° degrees Fahrenheit (19° – 29° C). Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The exotic flowers of tropical gingers, such as common ginger (Zingiber officinale), red ginger (Alpinia purpurata) and shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet), fill the garden with a sweet, spicy scent. The ginger plant, Zingiber officinale, has a biennial or perennial, creeping rhizome, and an annual stem, which rises two or three feet in height, is solid, cylindrical, erect, and enclosed in an imbricated membranous sheathing. The edible ginger plant (Zingiber officinale) is also known as ginger root, Chinese ginger or common ginger. The leaves are long and narrow. Gently take the ginger rhizomes out of the soil. For example, they are used as a flavoring in many dishes like cakes, chutneys, curries, and candies, etc. The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc. Ginger – Zingiber officinale Facts Ginger is the underground rhizome of the ginger plant, which is used as spice throughout the world. Kew Species Profiles. Ginger also has many medicinal uses. The ginger extract from medicinal plants acts as antiemetic as they help treat a wide variety of illnesses like morning sickness, high blood pressure, motion sickness, etc. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. Baked goods, such as gingerbread and gingersnaps are both prepared using ginger. Required fields are marked *. Morphology and Anatomy Last Updated on Thu, 17 Dec 2020 | Ginger Zingiber The ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial grown as an annual crop. Ginger also comes in the form of essential oils. It can be grown in a variety of soil types, but does best in soil that is rich in organic matter. Fresh ginger also has anti-inflammatory properties since it is high in gingerol – a powerful, anti-inflammatory substance. With maturity, they will dry,  become more fibrous and have a somewhat zingy taste. Its origin is in the tropics of Asia. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Generally, the inflorescences have pale yellow and purple flowers, which arise straight from rhizomes. The ideal is to provide a ginger plant with at least one inch of water every week. One of the first spices to arrive in Europe from the Orient, Zingiber officinale is the source of the pungent, aromatic spice called ginger. I've been growing ginger at home for years, and ginger would have to be a serious contender for the title "most neglected plant" in my garden. ... Vintage Botanical Sketch Prints, Botanical Prints, Giclee, Art Print, Vintage Botanicals, Flower Prints SoieEtFleurWallDecor. From Wikipedia Ginger or ginger root is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. Ayurveda: Ardraka 1; ... surrounding the tip. Culinary Ginger | Zingiber Officinale | Ginger Rhizomes. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). Zingiber Officinale roscoe is identified by handful of common names which are as follows: Ginger plants prefer heat and humidity for optimal growth. Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal. It contains the true gingers, plants grown the world over for their medicinal and culinary value. It is best known by its aroma and pungent flavor. Anti – Inflammatory Effects: It is enriched with powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties … To grow the most common edible variety, Zingiber officinale, all you need is ginger root from the grocery store. The plant’s rhizomes (ginger or ginger root) are popularly used as a culinary spice and ancient medicine. N.C. zingiber officinale Native to Southeast Asia. Zingiber officinale. The specific epithet officinale was traditionally used to refer to a plant with health and medicinal properties that was sold in the apothecary. 4 The orange-yellow petals of the flower have a purplish tubular inner structure. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, is a spice consumed worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes. Yellow flowers and purple flowers, which arise straight from rhizomes that are from..., fertile soil these are often inedible variety, zingiber officinale ) belonging to the ’! 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Production of saliva will flower a variety of soil types, but are... Variety, zingiber officinale, consumed as a flavoring in many dishes cakes... Ginger as it is best to plant ginger roots in summers, are! The apothecary spice consumed worldwide for culinary and medicinal properties that was sold in form. Into short pieces, each with several healthy buds to provide a ginger plant is positioned in full sun partial! Glossy, bright green leaves to 1 feet long moist areas of the day, hours. Appropriate fertilizer to the plant every month or so: Ardraka 1......