Ken Fern, Due to the over-harvesting, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the wild. ... Origanum syriacum L, Origanum vulgare L, and Salvia triloba L was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The genus Origanum includes 39 species of perennial plants widely distributed throughout the world whose composition of essential oils and other constituents varies with the geographical location, climate, and other ecological factors. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. Start indoors in the north. See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases. Origanum syriacum is commonly called Syrian oregano, Lebanese oregano or simply, Zaatar or Za’atar (pronounced ZAH-tur with a glottal stop after the first syllable). Oval grey/green, slightly hairy leaves that have a strong flavour. The composition was dominated by carvacrol and/or thymol with a high degree of polymorphism in the occurrence of these two compounds between the different populations. However, in recent years there has been a move to cultivate the plant due to increasing demand and a severe reduction in natural populations. Translators of the Bible, such as the King James Version (1611), were unfamiliar with the original Hebrew and knew little of the flora of the Holy Land. Find out how to use oregano, and who should avoid it. PubMed:Composition of essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae). A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum L is also known by its common name of Bible Hyssop.. My Garden: … Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Origanum is used widely in the Lebanese cuisine, raw or cooked, and is commonly found in Lebanese stores and homes. ... Tender perennial grown as an annual. The essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. A few archaeological studies illuminate the use of medicinal plants in the Holy Land in Biblical times and even earlier. 4 0 obj Marjoram is often used medicinally in the form of the essential oil, about 400 grams being obtained from 70 kilos of the fresh herb[4]. Richard Morris. web interface by endemic of Lebanon and O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Evergreen sub shrub, Ht. Origanum syriacum (O. syriacum) is a very popular edible and medicinal plant in the East Mediterranean countries.The aims of the current study were to use microwave-ultrasonic assisted hydrodistillation (MUAHD) method to produce essential oils (EOs) from wild O. syriacum samples collected from four different geographical areas in The West Bank using water as a solvent, determine … The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as "zatar", this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads. A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum LOriganum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. Origanum syriacum Middle East Oregano, Za'attar A family run herb farm with over 30 years’ experience in growing and using medicinal and culinary herb plants and seeds. 50 seeds PLANTING Origanum syriacum Tender perennial: Zone 9-11 Germination: 7-14 … Very rarely ethnobotanical information may help concerning the medicinal Biblical plants. <> x��=�r�8���?��n;,�8�=�{�w�����އr�,iFR�K�=�?ڿ�L� �W8T�"�D"��ȋ���/�?����W߽^u�����W�ߞ>�-�Ű��_ˤ`Ê��ѕd};������ovw�~�z��ϧOV߼y�ZE�����������ջ�O� ��z�Z�Dۉ�;�׭����O���^5��z���'߼+��t��T�O�V� xR�Wb -Q���j�yK��{���WO�ОᐾAO�z��rH��@�������b�"�U�N��h�۾_�¥d��+�_4�!+�Տ-Z����ߚ��7��/�ҭۆ��ΥU쏅���,���` ������%ޯgP�GCA��@��I�R��w�_פ�AF�\�G�̰|��4���2�+ñ0# +�/`F��r�B�;"�A� 1 0 obj For this reason it is now being cultivated … viridulum (Martin-Donos) Nyman from Greece, O. libanoticum Boiss. endobj Latin name: Origanum syriacum Family: Labiatae Edible parts of Bible Hyssop: The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano. Assi mentioned that Origanum syriacum and Thymus decussatus are the most collected species for trade in Saint Catherine protectorate because of their medicinal value. Likewise, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal purposes. Genus Origanumis important medicinally as it has antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, antithrombin, antimutagenic, angiogenic, antiparasetic and antihyperglycaemic activities. Past supply of this herb has been mostly from wild or natural populations. Origanum also has a highly developed cu… Most of the plants in the Bible are only mentioned in passing, with reference to medicinal use occurring even less. An exception is the use of Origanum syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [28:71-2]. 2 0 obj Origanum syriacum is a medicinal plant widely used in Jordan both as a folk remedy and in the food and beverage industry. condensata, Origanum syriacum L., Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia fruticosa Miller., Satureja cuneifolia Ten., Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L., and Vitex agnus-castus L. and study the chemical composition and … stream The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as 'zatar', this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads[183]. It is a very important plant as far as its economic use is concerned. Origanum syriacum subp.syriacum, used in Lebanese traditional foods, was selected to develop safe bioinsecticides. Medicinal plants and culinary herbs have gained importance in the last decade as cytotoxic and antitumor agents. In three populations … To get around this they sometimes chose names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers. Medicinal use of Bible Hyssop: None … Use. This oregano relative is native to the Mediterranean and has been used for centuries as a culinary and medicinal herb. Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by It is also a name given to blends that contain a majority of za’atar or Origanum syriacum. Family: Lamiaceae. As the plant can be treated with pesticides during commercial production, three different methods for pesticide multiresidue analysis of this plant have been evaluated. In this article we report the traditional medicinal uses of eleven Lamiaceae species: Coridothymus capitatus L., Lavandula stoechas L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill., Mentha spicata L. subsp. ... Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems project. Clusters of white knotted flowers. endobj Background. It is a preferred primary ingredient in the spice mixture za'atar. Oregano za’atar contains carvacrol a terpenoid similar to thymol that acts to inhibit … This plant is believed to be the hyssop of the Old Testament of the Bible, hence the sometimes used common name of Bible hyssop or Holy hyssop. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. Origanum syriacum, known as “zaatar” or “zoubaa” in Lebanon, is one of the most popular herbs used in traditional Lebanese medicine and largely used in the famous Lebanese pizza “mankouchi”.It is an aromatic plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family. 60cm, spread 45cm. %���� This species is highly used in Lebanese traditional medicine and is a staple food in Lebanese gastronomy. with help from Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. Ajna Fern These include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum. PubMed:Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coli. We hypothesized that some of the commonly used spices with reported antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity. Genus: Origanum. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. The chemical compositions of the essential oil compounds of 117 individual plants belonging to 11 Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae) were studied by GC-FID and GC-MS. As a herb, supplement, or essential oil, it may offer many health benefits. 3 0 obj GC–MS showed that carvacrol was the essential oil (EO) major component. endobj Origanum syriacum is harvested in the wild for use in preparing za'atar, a mixture of dried herbs, sesame and sumac for flavoring and garnish. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Background: Origanum syriacum L. is an aromatic plant growing wild in Lebanon. Origanum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. • Both the EO and carvacrol were toxic to M. persicae, S. littoralis and M. domestica.. No EO toxicity was noted on the non-target species H. axyridis and E. fetida.. O. syriacum EO is a good candidate … salt, all blended in olive oil and used as a spread, like a nut butter. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. 5. The velvety gray-green leaves are highly aromatic and have the blended flavor of marjoram, thyme, and oregano. Grows to 24 inches. Overharvesting, urbanization pressure, and uncontrolled forest fires threaten O. syriacum growing wild. PubMed:[The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants]. Externally, it is used to treat muscular pain, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints[238]. Ayesh BM, Abed AA, Faris DM (2014) vitro inhibition of human leukemia THP-1 cells by Origanum syriacum L. and Thymus … Origanum syriacum grows wild in the Lebanese mountains and can be found everywhere in rocky places from the North to the South and at different altitudes. Find Origanum syriacum (Middle East Oregano, Za'attar) online at Jekka's. The database and code is licensed under a Medicinal Uses. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be used fresh or dried. So precious is this herb that in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather it. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. A herb tea is made from the dried leaves and flowering stems. Medicinal The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to have a moderately strong inhibitory effect on the production of pancreatic lipase, thus helping to lower lipid levels in the body. (Numbers 19:6) Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the Bible. Similar to L. dentata , O. syriacum has antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic properties [ 39 , 40 ]. Other uses of the herb: An essential oil from the plant is used as a food flavouring, in soaps and perfumery. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> National distribution surveys, mapping and population assessments for selected medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in Lebanon (Salvia fruticosa, Origanum syriacum, ��̡@����rRd�������s�У�-$A|�Z�gs�B��ZVZ��� ����aל��bG��D�VĬh�. The antiproliferative activities of … Origanum dictamnus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Perennial. %PDF-1.5 The leaves, dried herbs, and volatile oil of Origanum have been used in folk medicine for centuries. damascena, Cyclotrichium origanifolium, Origanum ehrenbergii, Viola libanotica, Clinopodium libanoticum) Assessment and Monitoring • Government • NGO • Research institutions 4. Phytochemical investigations of the species of this genus have resulted in the extraction of a number of important bioactive compounds. Hyssop is a wild aromatic herb similar to oregano, which was thrown into the fire when the red heifer was offered as a burnt sacrifice during Temple times. <> The essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. <>>> It is in flower from June to August. It could, therefore, have a role to play in the treatment of obesity Edible Uses: Condiment The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano[183]. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in … Origanum syriacum . The herb contains 0.15 - 0.4% essential oil and makes good herbal pillows and baths. Common name:Za’atar, Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum syriacum,Syrian Oregano. Oregano contains antioxidants. Zaatar is a Middle Eastern perennial that is used as a sort of condiment, generally mixed with other herbs and spices, such as sesame seeds, black cumin, fennel, onions, and. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Same manner as in Biblical times and even earlier gather it the plants seem familiar to readers! 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